全站仪的命名 [下一篇]

[ 2008-3-17 8:41:35 | 作者:杨俊志 | 出处:原创 | 天气:晴 ] 字体:

20世纪70年代,原西德Opton厂生产出了一种兼有光电测距、电子测角和测量数据自动记录的大地测量仪器,由于该种仪器采用了电子(Electronic)的测距和测角方式(在德语中将具有测距和测角功能的仪器称为Tachymeter或tacheometer),同时该种仪器还具有数据记录(Registration)功能,Opton厂取这几个单词的前几个字母将该仪器命名为“Reg Elta 14”,意思是具有数据记录(Reg)功能的电子(El)速测仪(ta)。

在1971年的同一展览会上,瑞典AGA公司也展出了与Reg Elta 14这种仪器功能一样的仪器Geodimeter700。

1978年美国惠普公司生产出了具有光电测距、电子测角和测量数据自动记录的大地测量仪器HP3820并将这种仪器命名为全站仪(Total Station)。目前在仪器生产厂家提供的英文说明书上,绝大部分厂家将这种仪器命名为Total Station。

在测绘仪器国际标准ISO 9849中,该类仪器称为“electronic tacheometer;electronic stadia instrument; electronic tachymeter; total station US”。我国《测绘学名词》将这类仪器命名为电子速测仪(又称全站仪)。

有些厂家将该种仪器命名为“电子全站仪”,有些人将“Total Station”翻译成“总站”。

我国的测绘仪器检定规程JJG100-2003将其命名为“全站型电子速测仪”,并将其翻译为“electronic tachometer total station”,我查了一下字典:electronic———电子的;tachometer———转速计, 流速计;total———总的, 全部的, 整个的;station———位置, 岗位, 地位, 身份, ...局, ...站。将“electronic tachometer total station”按字面意思翻译成中文是“电子转速计总站”。

因此看来,规范全站仪的中文名称和英文译名很有必要。

此日志由 杨俊志 在 2008-11-1 7:15:28 编缉过。

分类:测绘仪器 | 部落:测绘仪器 | 评论:39 | 引用通告 | 阅读次数(16586)

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